Ambasada SUA din Ungaria intr-o telegrama din iunie 1975: Ungurii despre politica externa a Romaniei: “Acea politica externa tipic tiganeasca”. Ungaria nu doresti exodul minoritatii proprii inapoi in Ungaria. Vedeti de ce aici.


Intro-o telegrama datand din iunie 1975 (declasificata de US Dept of State in iulie 2006) a Ambasadei SUA din Ungaria si referitoare la minoritatea maghiarilor din Romania, se face o analiza amanuntita a situatiei acestora in tara noastra. Mai mult, documentul arata ca la acelasi concluzii a ajuns si Amasada SUA din Bucuresti precum si cea britanica.

De asemenea, se afirma ca, “ungurii sunt probabil invidiosi pe politica externa mai independenta [s.n: de URSS] a Romaniei si numesc prin urmare aceasta drept “acea politica externa tipic tiganeasca“. Cu toate acestea, raportul citeaza reprezentanti ai minoritatilor maghiare care apreciaza mai mult aceasta politica externa mai independenta a Romaniei fata de politica Ungariei, mult mai apropiate de URSS.

Mai mult, se afirma ca antipatia istorica dintre unguri si romani este putin probabil sa fie depasita intr-o generatie sau chiar doua. De asemenea, raportul mentioneaza faptul ca Ungaria nu doreste intoarcea ungurilor din Romania inapoi in Ungaria, intrucat le-ar slabi sansele lor pe termen lung de cere Transilvania…

Documentul mai arata ca bisericile minoritatilor sunt mai “libere” decat cele romanesti din Ungaria. “Oricum s-ar numi libertatea din Romania, noua ne place” afirma un preot calvinist maghiar.

 

Descarca documentul aici 

 

Cateva fragmente:

1. EMBASSY FINDS REFTEL A INFORMATIVE AND BALANCED IN PORTRAYING SITUATION OF HUNGARIAN MINORITY IN ROMANIA. WE HAVE NO MAJOR DIFFERENCES WITH EMBASSY BUCHAREST’S ASSESSMENT.
2. WORTH POINTING OUT, HOWEVER, THAT HISTORICAL ANTIPATHY BETWEEN HUNGARIANS AND ROMANIANS UNLIKELY TO BE OVERCOME IN ONE, OR EVEN TWO GENERATIONS. RESIDUE OF MUTUAL ILL-WILL, PLUS SIZE OF HUNGARIAN MINORITY, OBVIOUSLY PRESENTS GREATER PROBLEMS FOR ROMANIANS THAN FOR AUTHORITIES IN YUGOSLAVIA AND SLOVAKIA. NATIONALITY POLICY OF AUTHORITIES IN YUGOSLAVIA, WHERE 600,000 HUNGARIANS IN VOJVODINA HAVE STILL LIMITED BUT PERHAPS GREATER AUTONOMY THAN IN ROMANIA, MAKES IT EASIER FOR BELGRADE TO COOPERATE WITH BUDAPEST IN WORKING OUT ARRANGEMENTS ON TRAVEL AND FAMILY UNIFICATION. ROMANIAN NATIONALISM (AS SOVIETS CAN ATTEST TO) IS OBVIOUSLY STRONGER THAN LENINIST PRINCIPLE THAT CONFIDENTIAL

WE HAVE COMPARED NOTES WITH UK DCM (PARA 12, REFTEL A) IN BUDAPEST WHO RECENTLY TOURED AREA WITH HIS BUCHAREST COUNTERPART. HE AGREES SITUATION OF HUNGARIAN MINORITY IN ROMANIA, WHILE MODERATELY OPPRESSIVE, IS NO WORSE THAN THAT OF ROMANIAN MAJORITY. HE CLAIMS TO HAVE SEEN EVIDENCE OF SOME DISCRIMINATION AGAINST HUNGARIANS IN GAINING ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION OR MANAGERIAL POSITIONS IN FACTORIES AND THINKS THERE MAY BE INFORMAL QUOTA SYSTEM APPLIED TO HUNGARIANS IN THOSE TWO AREAS. ALTHOUGH ROMANIAN POLICY OF GRADUAL ASSIMILATION OF MINORITIES DOES IMPLY CERTAIN DEGREE OF DISCRIMINATION, UK SOURCE SAW NO EVIDENCE OF USE OF FORCE OR COERCION. IN FACT, HE CLAIMED
THAT DESPITE ASSIMILATION POLICY, OFFICIAL ROMANIAN FIGURES ON HUNGARIAN POPULATION SHOW STEADY INCREASE

UK DCM SAYS CHURCHES ARE FREER IN ROMANIAN THAN IN HUNGARY AND QUOTED CALVINIST BISHOP IN TRANSYLVANIA AS SAYING THAT “WHATEVER SORT OF FREEDOM THERE IS IN ROMANIA, WE ENJOY IT“. EMBASSY PAO, ON TWO OCCASIONS IN PAST 12 MONTHS, NOTICED THAT HUNGARIAN-LANGUAGE CHURCHES IN TRANSYLVANIA WERE FILLED TO CAPACITY. HE DOES NOT, HOWEVER, BELIEVE THAT CHURCHES ARE SIGNIFICANTLY WORSE OFF IN HUNGARY THAN IN ROMANIA.

RE YEARLY HUNGARIAN MIGRATION FROM ROMANIA TO HUNGARY, WE WOULD TEND TO CREDIT HUNGARIAN DCM’S ESTIMATE RATHER THAN MTI CORRESPONDENT. HUNGARIANS ARE NOT INTERESTED
IN STIMULATING MOVEMENT IN THAT DIRECTION BECAUSE THERE IS A SERIOUS HOUSING SHORTAGE HERE AND MORE IMPORTANTLY, TO DO SO WOULD BE WEAKENING THEIR LONG RANGE CLAIMS TO TRANSYLVANIA BASED ON POPULATION FIGURES. THUS, GOH CENTERS ITS ATTENTION ON SUSTAINING CULTURAL IDENTITY.

https://www.istoria-romanilor.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/filename_1346005357662.pdf

 

 

Sursa: US National Archives.

Info document:

Margaret P. Grafeld
Declassified/Released
US Department of State
EO Systematic Review
06 JUL 2006

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